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PTSD, What Is It? – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD, What Does It Stand For?

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that develops after a person has been exposed to a traumatic event. PTSD is commonly associated with the after effects of conflict and was previously described as “shell-shock” by army veterans. The term came into use during the 1970’s when diagnosing veterans of the war in Vietnam. Despite being associated with war veterans, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder can be diagnosed for a range of experiences such as but not limited to; rape, child abuse, car accidents and being physically assaulted. About 3.5% of Americans are diagnosed with PTSD each year (APA, 2013).

What Are The Common Causes For PTSD?

As mentioned in the previous paragraph there are many causes for PTSD. When laymen hear the term Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, they typically conjure up an image of a warharden army veteran but that is not the only cause for PTSD. Although people suffering from war-related trauma make up a lot of those diagnosed with PTSD, there are also those who have experienced intimate partner violence, the unexpected death of a loved one, pregnancy related trauma, life-threatening illnesses etc. Refugees and migrants also fall into this category because of their experiences.


What We Do!

Cross Culture Therapy offers 1-on-1 online therapy sessions to people suffering from depression, phobia, anxiety as well as to people who suffer from displacement issues associated with a globally nomadic lifestyle (i.e.Third Culture Kids – people who have grown up in a culture different to their parent’s passport culture – and Cross Culture Kids) Our sessions are conducted via Skype for a duration of 50-minutes and can be purchased in packs of 1-session, 3-sessions or 5-sessions. If you are interested in purchasing a session, click on the Book A Session tab on our menu or click here.

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What Are The Symptoms Of PTSD?

People who are diagnosed with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder suffer from sudden and very realistic flashbacks. These flashbacks can occur even if the person has amnesia of the event. Flashbacks are normal in the case of traumatic events, it is only once these flashbacks persist to a sufficient degree, typically one month after the event, that it can be considered PTSD. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder can also lead to an avoidance of stimuli that reminds the person of the event. Such stimuli can take the form of people, places, objects, conversations and stories. Also, people suffering from PTSD may feel an unreasonable distance towards family members, friends and loved ones. Other symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder are irritability, being overly cautious without reason, impatience and depression. Symptoms of PTSD can be delayed up to several years after the event occured.

Do I Have PTSD?

To be diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, the symptoms must have lasted more than a month after the event occured. A diagnosis can only be made by a professional medical practitioner, psychiatrist or psychologists (this varies from country-to-country). If you are interested in knowing whether you belong to a category that can considered for a PTSD diagnosis, click the button below to take our PTSD test.


American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 271–280. ISBN978-0-89042-555-8.

Philip Andersson

Life Coach

Cross Culture Therapy


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Philip Andersson – Life Coach

Philip Andersson is a life-coach who is currently studying to become a psychotherapist. He treats people suffering from depression, phobias and anxiety. Having been raised in Hong Kong and having lived in England and Japan as an adult, Philip also treats people who are overcome with feelings of displacement and rudderlessness associated with a global-nomad lifestyle such as Third Culture Kids, Cross Culture Kids, Migrants and Asylum Seekers.

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